Case control study to assess the determinants of pregnancy induced hypertension among the antenatal mothers in Rajiv Gandhi women and children hospital at Puducherry
Keywords:Hypertensive disorders, Pregnancy induced hypertension, determinants, risk factor.
Background: Hypertensive disorders of pregnancy are a major health problem to the world and is found to be the major cause of maternal morbidity and mortality accounting for nearly 10-15% 0f maternal deaths. Objective:To assess the determinants of Pregnancy induced hypertension. Methods: A case control study was conducted among pregnant women at Rajiv Gandhi Women and Children Hospital, Puducherry. 63 women with PIH were selected as cases and 63 normotensive pregnant women were taken as controls. The cases were selected by purposive sampling and the controls by simple random sampling. The tool consists of a self structured questionnaire which consists of the socio demographic factors and various other determinants assumed as a risk factor for PIH and some required information was also obtained from the case records. Statistics: The odds ratio and Chi-square test was used to determine the risk and association between PIH and the determinants respectively.Results: Primigravida (OR=2.826), multiple pregnancy (OR=2.629), presence of pedal edema (OR=54.836), family history of diabetes (OR=2.969), family history of hypertension (OR=5.5) Overweight (OR=2.12) and obesity (OR=6.52) were found to be significant risk factors of PIH. There was statistically significant association with history of abortion, parity, presence of pedal edema, use of contraceptives, family history of diabetes, family history of hypertension, prepregnancy Body mass index and PIH.
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