Vol 3 Issue 2 2020

  •  Identification of the relationship between nursing students’ kolb learning styles and problem-solving skills
    Seda SAHAN, Aysegul YILDIZ, Sevil SAHIN  Page no:- 1-8  DOI: https://doi.org/10.46811/apjnh/3.2.1

    Introduction: In order to maintain nursing care in the most effective and quality way in There lationship between patient and nurse and nurses to manage this dynamic process, problem solving skills must be developed. Individuals in the learning environment are people who are independent from each other and have different characteristics and share the same environment. Objectives: To determine the learning styles of individuals and to manage the education process. Method: This study was planned to determine There lationship between the learning styles and problem solving skills of the students who received nursing education. The universe of There search consisted of 130 students in İzmir Bakırçay University Faculty of Health Sciences Nursing Department. In the study, the data were collected between 1-29 February 2020. Results: It was determined that 26.9% of the students participating in the study were male and 73.1% were female. It was observed that 33.8% of the students had learning style that parses, 22.3% changes, 28.5% assimilates and 15.4% places. It was determined that the problem solving skills of the students were moderate according to the score they received from the problem solving inventory (X = 82,09). There was a significant relationship between participants' general problem solving approach levels and Kolb learning style groups (p = 0.04). Conclusion: It is thought that the education given to students' learning styles will support their problem solving skills and the success rate will increase.

  •  Case control study to assess the determinants of pregnancy induced hypertension among the antenatal mothers in Rajiv Gandhi women and children hospital at Puducherry
    Margaret A, Manjubala Dash  Page no:- 9-14  DOI: https://doi.org/10.46811/apjnh/3.2.2

    Background: Hypertensive disorders of pregnancy are a major health problem to the world and is found to be the major cause of maternal morbidity and mortality accounting for nearly 10-15% 0f maternal deaths. Objective:To assess the determinants of Pregnancy induced hypertension. Methods: A case control study was conducted among pregnant women at Rajiv Gandhi Women and Children Hospital, Puducherry. 63 women with PIH were selected as cases and 63 normotensive pregnant women were taken as controls. The cases were selected by purposive sampling and the controls by simple random sampling. The tool consists of a self structured questionnaire which consists of the socio demographic factors and various other determinants assumed as a risk factor for PIH and some required information was also obtained from the case records. Statistics: The odds ratio and Chi-square test was used to determine the risk and association between PIH and the determinants respectively.Results: Primigravida (OR=2.826), multiple pregnancy (OR=2.629), presence of pedal edema (OR=54.836), family history of diabetes (OR=2.969), family history of hypertension (OR=5.5) Overweight (OR=2.12) and obesity (OR=6.52) were found to be significant risk factors of PIH. There was statistically significant association with history of abortion, parity, presence of pedal edema, use of contraceptives, family history of diabetes, family history of hypertension, prepregnancy Body mass index and PIH.

  •  Trainings to train nursing teachers helping nursing students learn ethics: feedback of the participants
    Piryani Rano Mal , Piryani Suneel  Page no:- 15-19  DOI: https://doi.org/10.46811/apjnh/3.2.3

    Introduction: Short-duration trainings for nursing faculty members in different contexts including ethics have been shown positive effect on faculty. The objective of the present study was to assess the feedback of the participant faculty members of “Trainings to train nursing teachers helping nursing students learn ethics.” Methodology: The training of four credits hours to train nursing teachers helping nursing students learn ethics was organized in October 22, 2019 at Universal College of Medical Sciences, Bhairahawa Nepal. Fifteen nursing faculty members participated in the training. At the end of training feedback was taken from the participants using validated semi-structured questionnaire. Descriptive analysis was done using IBM SPSS version 21.Results: The rating of participants on training on scale 1-10 for usefulness (7.33±1.17), content (7.40±1.06), relevance (7.93± 0.70), facilitation (7.67± 0.98) and overall (7.93± 0.70) was notable. Their confidence level to conduct and facilitate “Think-Pair-Share” interactive session (3.68±0.69) and “Scenario-based Group-Work Discussion” (3.76±0.83) enhanced after training rated on Like rt scale 1-5(5= highly confident, 4= very confident, 3=confident, 2= to some extent confident 1= not confident). Participants rated session on “teaching clinical nursing ethics” an extremely important session (3.76±0.83) on Like rt scale 1-4 (4= extremely important, 3= moderately important, 2= slightly important, 1= not important). The participants mentioned that training environment was conducive and friendly, sessions were interactive and content was useful. They suggested to increase credit hours of training, conduct pre and post-test and include more scenario in curriculum of training. They committed for what was learnt will apply for teaching ethics to nursing students and in clinical nursing practice too. Conclusion: The rating of participants on the training was notable; the perception of participants was positive regarding training and training enhanced their confidence to teach ethics to students. This is obvious from their commitment.

  •  Formulation of Nanostructured lipid particles
    Kavita Rani, Amit Kumar J. Raval, Dinesh Kaushik, Rajesh Khathuriya  Page no:- 20-24  DOI: https://doi.org/10.46811/apjnh/3.2.4

    Lipid nanocarriers are developed as an alternative to polymeric nanoparticles, liposomes and emulsions. NLCs are the second generation lipid carriers developed to overcome problems associated with Solid Lipid Nanoparticles and are utilized in various therapeutic approaches. NLCs were used for the delivery of lipophilic drugs .Biocompatible nature of lipids is responsible for its development as a good drug delivery. It was found to be having excellent characteristics over other lipid formulations.

  •  Formulation and Optimization of Biodegradable Periodontal Chips Containing Metronidazole and Levofloxacin
    Pyare Lal, A.S. William Arputha Sundar, Yogendra Singh  Page no:- 25-37  DOI: https://doi.org/10.46811/apjnh/3.2.5

    This research aimed to developintrapocket,biodegradablechips ofpoly(d,l-lactide-co-glycolide) (PLGA) loaded with Metronidazole (MZ) and levofloxacin (LF),for sustained release local drug delivery in periodontal pocket to treat periodontitis. Metronidazole and levofloxacin are widely employed for the treatment of periodontitis,but high oral dose and resistance development after long-term oral administration limit their use, hence local delivery is a good approach. The chips were prepared by solvent casting technique using diethyl phthalate as plasticizer. Their physical characteristics, such as drug content,surface pH, swelling index, and folding endurance, exhibited results within limit. Further, FTIR and DSCstudies revealed stability of chips and compatibility between drugs and excipients.In vitro release in McIlvainebuffer pH 7.8 was of sustained nature assisted by the burst effect. Design-Expert® (11.0.4) software was used to study the effect of polymer & plasticizer on release of drugs Polymer concentrationsnegatively affected drug release and positively affected T90 (time for releasing 90% of the drug) due toaltered matrix density. In contrast, the plasticizer concentration increases membrane permeability andhence increased drug release, lowering T90. Forvarious response variables,polynomial mathematical models were generated usingmultiple regression analysis, and found to be statistically significant (𝑃<0.05).The antibacterial efficacy of films was tested on Pseudomonas spp. Bacteroides spp., indicatinggood antibacterial activity. Optimized formulations were further used for preparing optimized biodegradable, Metronidazole-Levofloxacin sustained release chip. Conclusively, the films of MZ and LF were successful tools for the management ofperiodontitis.