This review article is intended to provide an overview of hydrogel as novel vesicular drug delivery system.For the
treatment of many diseases large molecular weight proteins are required. These can be available with the availability
of Hydrogels. Hydrogels are hydrophilic, three-dimensional networks, which are able to imbibe large amounts of
water or biological fluids, and thus resemble, to a large extent, a biological tissue. They are insoluble due to the
presence of chemical (tie-points, junctions) and/or physical crosslinks such as entanglements and crystallites. It has
focused on to present a concise review on the applications of hydrogels in the pharmaceutical field, hydrogel
properties, method of preparation of hydrogel, advantages and disadvantages of hydrogel, characterization of
A review on nephrotic syndrome with their causes, complications and epidemiology Monika SemwalPage no:- 12-15
Nephrotic syndrome is a collection of symptoms due to kidney damage. This includes protein in the urine, low blood
albumin levels, high blood lipids, and significant swelling. Other symptoms may include weight gain, feeling tired,
and foamy urine. Complications may include blood clots, infections, and high blood pressure. Causes include a
number of kidney diseases such as focal segmental glomerulosclerosis, membranous nephropathy, and minimal
change disease. It may also occur as a complication of diabetes or lupus. The underlying mechanism typically
involves damage to the glomeruli of the kidney. Diagnosis is typically based on urine testing and sometimes a
kidney biopsy. It differs from nephritic syndrome in that there are no red blood cells in the urine. Treatment is
directed at the underlying cause. Other efforts include managing high blood pressure, high blood cholesterol, and
infection risk. A low salt diet and limiting fluids is often recommended. About 5 per 100,000 people are affected per
year. The usual underlying cause varies between children and adults.
A study to assess the effectiveness of structured teaching programme on knowledge regarding care of low birth weight babies among mothers in selected rural areas of Rajkot Gujarat Mr. Binu Joe
, Mrs. Anu JoykuttyPage no:- 16-19
A quasi experimental study with pre test, post test without control group design was undertaken on 60 mothers
selected by purposive sampling technique to assess the effectiveness of teaching programme on home management
of low birth weight baby among mothers using closed ended questionnaire. Result reveals that more or less similar
percentage 47% was in the age group of 21-25 and 46% in the age group of 26-30 years. The overall mean
knowledge on practice score in pre test was 13.34±3.25 whereas it was 24.18±3.09 in post test revealing 31.89%
enhancement of knowledge scores.
Synthesis of CNPs from beetroots and carrot Pomaces and Application in reduction of Color from waste water Harkamal Preet Kaur, Ajay Singh, Naveen Chandra Joshi and Waseem AhmadPage no:- 20-23
Food sector produces million tons of waste. Out of which some is discarded as animal feed, as fertilizer or mostly
treated as waste which further creates environmental hazards. The present study was done to utilize the waste
pomace from vegetables – carrot and beetroot after juice extraction in the formation of Cellulose Nano Particles
(CNPs). Pomaces of carrot and beetroot were treated with alkali treatment and bleaching treatment separately.So
formed CNPs have shown good adsorption behavior and have shown good reduction in polluting parameters ,
specially colour was reduced upto 80 % in waste water.
Knowledge About The Mental Health and Mental Illness Among Adolescents Gayathri . S
, Baby Rathinasabapathy
, A Felicia Chitra Felicia
, S JayanthiPage no:- 24-28
Background: People who fail to fulfill their roles and carryout responsibilities or whose behavior is inappropriate to
the situation are viewed as Mental Illnesses.About 450 million people suffer from mental of behavioural disorders
worldwide today, it was said that mental health problems are more common in developed world than developing
Aim:This study was aimed to assess the knowledge about mental health and mental illness among Adolescents
Methodology:A Quantitative Descriptive research design was used. 30 Adolescents were selected by using
Purposive sampling technique who fulfilled the inclusion criteria and who were available during the period of data
collection at selected Lawspetarea , Puducherry. Data was collected by using Self Structured Questionnaire.
Results:It represents the Level of Knowledge among 14(46.7%) of them comes under Moderate Knowledge, 10
(33.3%) of them comes under Adequate Knowledge and 6(20%) of them comes under Inadequate Knowledge.
Conclusion: The study conducted among 30 Adolescents. It reveals the significant with demographic variables such
as staying in status at the level of knowledge. Majority of Adolescents have moderate knowledge. We provide
opportunities for adolescents to gain knowledge regarding mental health and mental illness.
Effectiveness of information booklet on the knowledge of psychiatric nurses regarding legal responsibilities about patient care at selected mental hospital Mr. Binu Joe
, Mrs. Anu JoykuttyPage no:- 29-32
Nursing is an integral part of the health care system and Nurse’s direct their energies towards the promotion,
maintenance and restoration of health. A quasi experimental, with single group pretest post test design was used to
assess the existing knowledge and improvement after providing information booklet was carried out among 60 staff
Nurse’s. The total mean score was 19.28. this shows that the knowledge deficit is around 50%.