Vol 3 Issue 1 2020

  •  Hydrogel Preparation, Characterization and Applications
    Nandini Sahu, Diksha Gupta, Ujjwal Nautiyal  Page no:- 1-11

    This review article is intended to provide an overview of hydrogel as novel vesicular drug delivery system.For the treatment of many diseases large molecular weight proteins are required. These can be available with the availability of Hydrogels. Hydrogels are hydrophilic, three-dimensional networks, which are able to imbibe large amounts of water or biological fluids, and thus resemble, to a large extent, a biological tissue. They are insoluble due to the presence of chemical (tie-points, junctions) and/or physical crosslinks such as entanglements and crystallites. It has focused on to present a concise review on the applications of hydrogels in the pharmaceutical field, hydrogel properties, method of preparation of hydrogel, advantages and disadvantages of hydrogel, characterization of hydrogel.

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  •  A review on nephrotic syndrome with their causes, complications and epidemiology
    Monika Semwal  Page no:- 12-15

    Nephrotic syndrome is a collection of symptoms due to kidney damage. This includes protein in the urine, low blood albumin levels, high blood lipids, and significant swelling. Other symptoms may include weight gain, feeling tired, and foamy urine. Complications may include blood clots, infections, and high blood pressure. Causes include a number of kidney diseases such as focal segmental glomerulosclerosis, membranous nephropathy, and minimal change disease. It may also occur as a complication of diabetes or lupus. The underlying mechanism typically involves damage to the glomeruli of the kidney. Diagnosis is typically based on urine testing and sometimes a kidney biopsy. It differs from nephritic syndrome in that there are no red blood cells in the urine. Treatment is directed at the underlying cause. Other efforts include managing high blood pressure, high blood cholesterol, and infection risk. A low salt diet and limiting fluids is often recommended. About 5 per 100,000 people are affected per year. The usual underlying cause varies between children and adults.

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  •  A study to assess the effectiveness of structured teaching programme on knowledge regarding care of low birth weight babies among mothers in selected rural areas of Rajkot Gujarat
    Mr. Binu Joe , Mrs. Anu Joykutty  Page no:- 16-19

    A quasi experimental study with pre test, post test without control group design was undertaken on 60 mothers selected by purposive sampling technique to assess the effectiveness of teaching programme on home management of low birth weight baby among mothers using closed ended questionnaire. Result reveals that more or less similar percentage 47% was in the age group of 21-25 and 46% in the age group of 26-30 years. The overall mean knowledge on practice score in pre test was 13.34±3.25 whereas it was 24.18±3.09 in post test revealing 31.89% enhancement of knowledge scores.

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  •  Synthesis of CNPs from beetroots and carrot Pomaces and Application in reduction of Color from waste water
    Harkamal Preet Kaur, Ajay Singh, Naveen Chandra Joshi and Waseem Ahmad  Page no:- 20-23

    Food sector produces million tons of waste. Out of which some is discarded as animal feed, as fertilizer or mostly treated as waste which further creates environmental hazards. The present study was done to utilize the waste pomace from vegetables – carrot and beetroot after juice extraction in the formation of Cellulose Nano Particles (CNPs). Pomaces of carrot and beetroot were treated with alkali treatment and bleaching treatment separately.So formed CNPs have shown good adsorption behavior and have shown good reduction in polluting parameters , specially colour was reduced upto 80 % in waste water.

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  •  Knowledge About The Mental Health and Mental Illness Among Adolescents
    Gayathri . S , Baby Rathinasabapathy , A Felicia Chitra Felicia , ManjuBala Dash , S Jayanthi  Page no:- 24-28

    Background: People who fail to fulfill their roles and carryout responsibilities or whose behavior is inappropriate to the situation are viewed as Mental Illnesses.About 450 million people suffer from mental of behavioural disorders worldwide today, it was said that mental health problems are more common in developed world than developing world.

    Aim:This study was aimed to assess the knowledge about mental health and mental illness among Adolescents population.

    Methodology:A Quantitative Descriptive research design was used. 30 Adolescents were selected by using Purposive sampling technique who fulfilled the inclusion criteria and who were available during the period of data collection at selected Lawspetarea , Puducherry. Data was collected by using Self Structured Questionnaire.

    Results:It represents the Level of Knowledge among 14(46.7%) of them comes under Moderate Knowledge, 10 (33.3%) of them comes under Adequate Knowledge and 6(20%) of them comes under Inadequate Knowledge.

    Conclusion: The study conducted among 30 Adolescents. It reveals the significant with demographic variables such as staying in status at the level of knowledge. Majority of Adolescents have moderate knowledge. We provide opportunities for adolescents to gain knowledge regarding mental health and mental illness.

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  •  Effectiveness of information booklet on the knowledge of psychiatric nurses regarding legal responsibilities about patient care at selected mental hospital
    Mr. Binu Joe , Mrs. Anu Joykutty  Page no:- 29-32

    Nursing is an integral part of the health care system and Nurse’s direct their energies towards the promotion, maintenance and restoration of health. A quasi experimental, with single group pretest post test design was used to assess the existing knowledge and improvement after providing information booklet was carried out among 60 staff Nurse’s. The total mean score was 19.28. this shows that the knowledge deficit is around 50%.

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